Paper Magnetic Tape for Tape Recorders – Phantom Dancer 30 July 2019


STRAIGHT FROM THE SOURCE

This week’s Greg Poppleton Phantom Dancer feature has been sent to The Phantom Dancer by Matt who lives in the USA. It’s a WBBM CBS Chicago aircheck of the Woody Herman Orchestra broadcasting from the Palladium Ballroom in Hollywood. Matt has transferred it from the original brittle paper reel-to-reel tape.

The aircheck includes a bop inspired swinger I’ve never heard before called ‘Non-Alcoholic’.

I had thought audio tape had always been ‘plastic’. So this paper tape Matt sent is a revelation to me. I found some information about paper audio tape on Wiki which I’ve edited into a few tantalising paragraphs below…

Thank you, Matt!

ONLINE

This week’s Phantom Dancer will be online right after the 30 July 107.3 2SER Sydney live mix at 2ser.com.
Hear the show live every Tuesday 12:04-2pm on 107.3 2SER Sydney

PAPER RECORDING TAPE

Wax

The earliest known audio tape recorder was a non-magnetic, non-electric version invented by Alexander Graham Bell’s Volta Laboratory and patented in 1886. It employed a 3⁄16-inch-wide (4.8 mm) strip of wax-covered paper that was coated by dipping it in a solution of beeswax and paraffin and then had one side scraped clean, with the other side allowed to harden. It never went into commercial production largely due to the poor sound quality of the tape.

Photoelectric

In 1932, after six years of developmental work, Detroit radio engineer, Merle Dunstan, created a tape recorder that used chemically treated paper tape. During the recording process, the tape moved through a pair of electrodes which immediately imprinted the modulated sound signals as visible black stripes into the paper tape’s surface. The sound track could be immediately replayed from the same recorder unit, which also contained photoelectric sensors, somewhat similar to the various sound-on-film technologies of the era.

Iron Oxide

Magnetic tape recording as we know it today was developed in Germany during the 1930s at BASF and AEG in cooperation with the state radio RRG. This was based on Fritz Pfleumer’s 1928 invention of paper tape with oxide powder lacquered to it. The first practical tape recorder from AEG was the Magnetophon K1, demonstrated in Germany in 1935. Eduard Schüller of AEG built the recorders and developed a ring-shaped recording and playback head. It replaced the needle-shaped head which tended to shred the tape. Friedrich Matthias of IG Farben/BASF developed the recording tape, including the oxide, the binder, and the backing material. Walter Weber, working for Hans Joachim von Braunmühl at the RRG, discovered the AC biasing technique, which radically improved sound quality.

German WW2 Tape Recorder

End of Paper Tape

In 1938, S.J. Begun left Germany and joined the Brush Development Company in the United States, where work on magnetic tape recorders continued. This work attracted little attention until the late 1940s when the company released the very first consumer tape recorder in 1946: the Soundmirror BK 401.

Tapes were initially made of paper coated with magnetite powder. In 1947/48 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company (3M) replaced the paper backing with plastic or polyester and coated it first with black oxide, and later, to improve overall sound quality, red iron oxide.

VIDEO

This week’s Phantom Dancer video of the week is from the late 1940s, an unidentified woman reading to paper tape. Enjoy her story!

30 JULY PLAY LIST

Play List – The Phantom Dancer
107.3 2SER-FM Sydney, Live Stream, Digital Radio
Community Radio Network Show CRN #397

107.3 2SER Tuesday 30 July 2019
After the 2SER 12 noon news, 12:04 – 2:00pm (+10 hours GMT)
National Program:
Edge FM Bega Monday 3 – 4pm
7MID Oatlands Tuesday 8 – 9pm
2ARM Armidale Friday 12 – 1pm
3MGB Mallacoota Sunday 5 – 6am
ArtSoundFM Canberra Sunday 7 – 8pm
and early morning on 23 other stations.

Set 1
One Night Stand Bands on 1945 Radio
Take The A-Train (theme) + Midriff
Duke Ellington Orchestra
‘One Night Stand’
Cafe Zanzibar NYC
AFRS Re-broadcast
7 Oct 1945
Music for Moderns (theme) + Lullaby of Broadway
Jan Savitt Orchestra
‘One Night Stand’
Palladium Ballroom
Hollywood
AFRS Re-broadcast
20 Sep 1945
Candy Kid’s Note to a Classy Chassie + Twilight Time (close)
Vaughan Monroe Orchestra
‘One Night Stand’
Palladium Ballroom
Hollywood
AFRS Re-broadcast
8 Feb 1945
Set 2
Swinging 60s Radio
Walkin’
Harry James Orchestra
‘One Night Stand’
Palladium ballroom
Hollywood
AFRS Re-broadcast
22 Nov 1959
Alright OK You Win
Count Basie Orchestra (voc) Joe Williams
‘All-Star Parade of Bands’
Zardi’s
KFI NBC LA
14 May 1956
Black Magic + Close
Buddy DeFranco Group
‘The Navy Swings’
Radio Transcription
1959
Set 3
1935-41 Paris Radio
Radio Cite ID + Open + C’est Gentil
Ray Ventura et ses Collegiens
Poste Parisien
1935
Swing Festival ’41
Django Reinhardt, Aime Barelli, Alix Combelle and more
Radio Paris
26 Dec 1940
Smoke Gets In Your Eyes + All I Do The Whole Day Through Is Dream of You + Close
Guy Berry + Charlotte Duvier & Charles Trenet
‘Le Enfante Terrible’
Poste Parisien
1935
Set 4
Woody Herman on Paper Tape
Swing Low Sweet Clarinet
Woody Herman Orchestra (voc) Mary-Ann McCall
Palladium Ballroom
Hollywood
WBBM CBS Chicago
15 Feb 1947
Apple Honey
Woody Herman Orchestra
Palladium Ballroom
Hollywood
WBBM CBS Chicago
15 Feb 1947
Non-Alcoholic + Close
Woody Herman Orchestra
Palladium Ballroom
Hollywood
WBBM CBS Chicago
15 Feb 1947
Set 5
Teddy Wilson 1944-45
Tiger Rag
Teddy Wilson Sextet
‘Mildred Bailey Show’
WABC CBS NY
19 Jan 1945
Body and Soul
Teddy Wilson Sextet
‘Mildred Bailey Show’
WABC CBS NY
1944
Smiles
Teddy Wilson Sextet
‘Mildred Bailey Show’
WABC CBS NY
12 Jan 1945
Sweet Georgia Brown
Teddy Wilson Sextet
‘Mildred Bailey Show’
WABC CBS NY
8 Dec 1944
Set 6
Red Norvo Vibes
Rockin’ Chair
Esquire All-Stars with Red Norvo (vibes) Mildred Bailey (voc)
‘Spotlight Bands’
Metropolitan Opera House
WJZ Blue NY
18 Jan 1944
Clarinet Marmalade
Red Norvo Octet
‘Paul Whiteman Musical Varieties’
WJZ NBC Blue NY
8 Mar 1936
Somebody Loves Me
Benny Goodman Sextet with Red Norvo
‘Alistair Cooke Concert’
BBC Transcription
New York City
8 Dec 1945
I Never Knew
Red Norvo Octet
‘Paul Whiteman Musical Varieties’
WJZ NBC Blue NY
8 Mar 1936
Set 7
Hal Kemp
When Summer is Gone (theme) + Did You Ever See a Dream Walking?
Hal Kemp Orchestra (voc) Skinnay Ennis
‘Lavena Program’
Radio Transcription
New York City
1934
Everything I Have is Yours
Hal Kemp Orchestra (voc) Deane Janis
‘Lavena Program’
Radio Transcription
New York City
1934
Thanks
Hal Kemp Orchestra (voc) Deane Janis
‘Lavena Program’
Radio Transcription
New York City
1934
Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea + When Summer is Gone (theme)
Hal Kemp Orchestra
‘Lavena Program’
Radio Transcription
New York City
1934
Set 8
Jubilee Swing 1943 and 1945
Blue ‘n’ Boogie (theme) + Opus X
Billy Eckstine Orchestra
‘Jubilee’
AFRS Hollywood
Feb 1945
Love Me or Leave Me
Billy Eckstine Orchestra
‘Jubilee’
AFRS Hollywood
Feb 1945
Vine Street Boogie
Jay McShann Orchestra
‘Jubilee’
AFRS NYC
1943
Jump the Blues + One O’Clock Jump (theme)
Jay McShann Orchestra
‘Jubilee’
AFRS NYC
1943

2 Replies to “Paper Magnetic Tape for Tape Recorders – Phantom Dancer 30 July 2019”

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